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Canadian Citizenship

Canadians are proud to hold one of the most prized citizenships in the world. Every year about 170,000 people become new citizens of Canada.

If you want to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  • Determine if you are eligible to become a citizen.
  • Apply for citizenship.
  • Take the citizenship test, if you are between the ages of 18 and 54.
  • Attend a citizenship ceremony, if you are 14 or older.

To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must meet the following requirements:

  • You must be at least 18 years old. The citizenship application for children under 18 must be done by their parent or legal gaurdian.
  • You must be a permanent resident in Canada, and that status must not be in doubt. This means you must not be the subject of an immigration investigation, an immigration inquiry or a removal order.
  • You must have lived in Canada for at least three years (1,095 days) in the past four years before applying. Children under the age of 18 do not need to meet this requirement.
  • You must have adequate knowledge of one of the two languages (English or French).
  • You must have a clean criminal history, not be under investigation or under removal order and your citizenship must no have taken away from you in the last five years.
  • You must understand the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, such as the right and responsibility to vote in elections. You must also have an understanding of Canada’s history, values, institutions and symbols.

For more information on Canadian Citizenship, see our Canadian Citizenship FAQ.